Water management: responsibilities and structure
The Directorate of Water at the Ministry for Sustainable Development
The Directorate defines and organises state interventions in the general water domain in cooperation with other ministries authorised to act in specific water use areas (Health, Agriculture, Industry, etc.).
The Rhone-Mediterranean and Corsica Basin Comittees
These Committees bring together the water stakeholders at the level of the two hydrographic basins, namely: representatives from the territorial communities, users, voluntary organisations and the state. Their mission is threefold:- to draw up a Master Plan for the Refurbishment and Management of Water Resources (SDAGE) and to monitor its implementation,- to guide the Water Agencies’ policy on intervention,- to provide their views on large-scale projects.Financial incentivisation (charges and assistance)
The Water Agency
The Water Agency collects charges for water use and grant financial assistance for fighting pollution, improving water resource management and restoring aquatic environments.
Regional and General Councils
These Councils can provide technical and financial support to the communes.
Local management structures
These structures are organised in the form of inter-commune or joint associations with the capacity to provide a link between communes, departments and regions.
These structures run and implement aquatic environment policies by linking all the area’s stakeholders (catchment area, bay, aquifers, etc.).
The Mayor is responsible for the distribution of drinking water and the collection and processing of waste water within the commune. The Mayor has the option of organising this on an inter-commune basis.
The Mayor is responsible for the investment decisions which may attract technical and financial assistance from the Water Agency and / or the Region and / or the Department.
The Mayor is also responsible for choosing whether to devolve management to the municipal or (state controlled) associations or to private industrial Groups such as Lyonnaise des Eaux, Générale des Eaux, SAUR, etc.
Industrial figures, farmers, etc.
These are responsible for the construction and management of their own installations for treating pollution, diverting water, etc.
Users, consumer associations, environmental protection associations, professional bodies, etc.
These stakeholders are also involved in the decision making process governing planning and management through representation in local structures.