Water management organization in France divides the territory into hydrographic basins rather than its administrative units of departments or regions. The Rhone Mediterranean Corsica agency has the distinctive characteristic of involvement in two drainage basins: Rhone-Mediterranean and Corsica.
A drainage basin, or hydrographic basin, is defined as the whole of an area drained by a river and its tributaries. It has natural borders in the form of watersheds.
7 basins in Metropolitan France: Artois-Picardie, Rhine-Meuse, Seine-Normandie, Loire-Bretagne, Adour-Garonne, Rhone-Mediterranean and Corsica
5 basins in the overseas departments and territories: Mayotte, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Guyana and Reunion.
In France water policies are managed on a basin-wide scale. These are the areas covered by water agency intervention in Metropolitan France.
The Rhone Mediterranean Corsica agency intervenes in two drainage basins: Rhone-Mediterranean and Corsica. This area covers 5 regions (PACA, Occitania, Auvergne-Rhone-Alpes, Bourgogne-Franche-Comté and Corsica), i.e. 25 complete departments and several communes in 7 departments (Ariège, Aveyron, Loire, Lozère, Haute-Marne, Upper Rhine and Vosges).
11000 : the number of rivers more than 2 km long in the Rhone-Mediterranean basin
≈1000 : the number of coastal kms covered by the Rhone-Mediterranean basin
≈1000 : also the number of coastal kms covered by the Corsica basin
Sea and mountain, rural and urban areas, 130 000 km2, i.e. 25% of French territory ... the Rhone-Mediterranean basin is vast and uniform. Water resources are significant but unequally distributed, with water shortages in 40% of the area. The Rhone, which covers 545 kilometers on French soil, is the structural axis of this area. The basin also enjoys exceptional quantities of lakes (Lake Geneva, Lake Annecy, Lake Le Bourget ...). The expansion of conurbations and economic and tourist attractiveness are a source of pressure on the environment.
42% of national streams
≈ 7 000km2 of wet zones
15.5billion m3 of water stored by the glaciers
400 water-bearing systems
With 8700 km2 and an average of 32 inhabitants/km2, Corsica has the lowest population density of French metropolitan regions. It is host to more than 2 million tourists every year. It has specific characteristics linked to its insularity: mountainous relief, high precipitation, dense hydrographical network, large coastal areas, high variations in flow between the rainy Autumn season and summer periods...
≈ 900mm precipitation annual average i.e. 8 bilion m3 of water per year
≈ 3 000 kms of short rivers
220 km2 in wet zones less than 1% of the area
Water is in abundant supply but unequally distributed in Corsica. The area must continue its efforts to reach a better quantitative balance.
The exceptional water quality plays an important part in the island’s economic and tourist development. It must be maintained by strengthening the efficiency of treatment systems and avoiding agricultural pollution.